During placing the steel in RC structure if the required length of a bar is not sufficiently available to make a design length then lapping is done. Lapping means overlapping of two bars side by side to achieve required design length.
Category: civil engineering
Soil and foundation engineering is a trend in civil engineering that studies soil properties and soil behaviors under different loads. Given that existing structures are being built on the soil, it can be said that soil and foundation engineering are directly related to structural engineering.
Basically, trusses are triangular structures used in civil engineering and construction. The types of trusses used in the structure include Pratt trusses, King trusses, cane trusses, umbrella trusses, hawk trusses, rectangular trusses, northern light roof trusses, etc.
A reinforced concrete slab is a crucial structural element and is used to provide flat surfaces(floors and ceilings) in buildings. On the basis of reinforcement provided, beam support, and the ratio of the spans,...
A soft story building is a multi-story building in which one or more floors have windows, wide doors, large unobstructed commercial spaces, or other openings in places where a shear wall would normally be required for stability as...
Coarse aggregate is one of the essential components of concrete and occupies the largest volume in the mix. That is why it greatly affects the concrete mix design. Its properties such as strength, maximum size, shape, and water absorption influence water demand, the quantity of cement and fine aggregate in concrete mixture